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Civil Vs Criminal Litigation

The differences between civil and criminal litigation can be challenging for a person to wrap their head around, as both categories of cases possess unique features and different procedures. An understanding of both types of litigation can nonetheless be easily reached through an analysis of what each type of case entails.

Criminal litigation involves the government bringing suit against a private defendant for the purpose of proving them guilty of violating a criminal statute. Criminal litigation is unique in that its standard of evidence is particularly stringent; a prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant, the person or persons being sued, violated a criminal statute. Typically, this occurs after someone is arrested and let out on bail. If you or someone else has just been arrested and needs a bail bonds lawyer to get started, make sure you handle all of those procedures before anything else.

When defendants are successfully convicted of having committed a crime in a court of law, they can face significant legal penalties in the forms of monetary fines or incarceration in a jail or prison. Criminal litigations focus is not on compensating the victims of a supposed crime, but rather to punish violations of criminal statutes.

Civil litigation involves any case between two parties that is not considered criminal litigation, and revolve around monetary or punitive damages, rather than criminal conviction and potential incarceration. Civil cases feature a supposed victim, the plaintiff, bringing suit against a defendant, the supposed perpetrator of a wrong-doing. Plaintiffs in civil litigation face a lower standard of evidence than prosecutors in criminal litigation; A plaintiff need only prove that the defendant is liable for damages by a preponderance of evidence, rather than beyond a reasonable doubt.

Civil litigation also includes equitable suits, which focus on forcing the defendant, should he or she be found liable of wrongdoing, to either perform or cease performing a specific action. If the defendant in a civil litigation case is found liable, meaning he or she is responsible for significant damages done to the plaintiff, the court will order the defendant to pay restitution to the plaintiff in the form of damages. Damages usually fall into two categories: monetary and punitive.

If the defendant in a civil case is found liable of wrongdoing, they will be ordered to pay either monetary or punitive damages. Monetary damages are intended to compensate the plaintiff for the injury they suffered at the hands of the defendant, and often cover such expenses as medical bills or property damages. Punitive damages are more stringent measures taken to ensure that the defendant is punished for their wrongdoings, and are meant to broadly discourage the behavior the defendant was found liable of.

In civil cases, the two feuding legal parties are often encouraged to reach out of court settlements to avoid the expenses of a trial. If an out of court settlement is reached early on, both the plaintiff and defendant may cut their legal cost significantly, and avoid the possibility of a jury reaching an undesirable verdict. The dispute is thus resolved outside of the courtroom, enabling courts to focus their time and attention on more pressing cases.

In criminal cases, the prosecutor may offer the defendant a plea bargain, or a deal in which the defendant pleads guilty to a more minor crime in exchange for having a more serious charge against them dropped. While plea bargains may be rejected by the court, they avoid the hassle and expenses of a long trial, and may be acceptable to both the prosecutor and defendant.

Whats The Difference Between Probation And Parole

As alternatives to incarceration, there may be some confusion as to just what the differences between probation and parole are. Both parole and probation require that an individual be supervised and are expected to follow guidelines for their behavior. For parole, these guidelines are called conditions of parole; for probation, these are called probation conditions. For instance, random drug testing and curfews are typical guidelines for those wishing to remain free from incarceration. Failure to meet these guidelines can lead to incarceration. Most of the time, any body who uses a bail bondsman to get out of jail will have to adhere to these restrictions until their trial occurs.

Additionally, the individual must allow search to their person and premises without a warrant and without probable cause. So, whats the difference? Essentially, probation occurs prior to and often instead of time spent prison or jail. On the other hand, parole is an early release from prison. When a person is put on probation, a judge allows them to prove themselves to rehabilitate themselves without incarceration (which functions as a forced rehabilitation). Probation is given for a specific amount of time (from 1 10 years depending on the state), whether the individual had been given a pre-determined sentence or not.

If the individual complies with all of the probation conditions set forth by the judge, such as finding a permanent place of residence, the person will not be sent to jail/prison to complete their sentence. However, if the individual does not meet these guidelines, they may be given a new sentence based on the initial crime plus the probation violation. A probation officer manages an individuals probation. Their job is to ensure that a defendant makes progress and doesnt violate the terms and conditions of their probation. Probation officers report to a judge, who decides whether an individual should return to prison or remain free at a final sentencing. If the probation was given in lieu of a suspended prison term, the individual returns to prison to serve out their initial sentence.

The period of time after an individual is released from prison is called parole. It functions as a way of reintegrating a person back into society. If incarceration is forced rehabilitation, parole puts the responsibility of maintaining good behavior on the individual. To facilitate this, some individuals are ordered to be put in a halfway house, continue payments on fines, and other financial obligations. Similar to probation, a defendant typically meets with a parole officer, where their progress is evaluated. If the defendant isnt making adequate progress or taking the steps to reintegrate back into society, a parole officer may file a report with the parole board. The parole board (not the original judge) may order the defendant returned to prison to finish the remaining time of her/his sentence.

Understanding The Different Types Of Barristers

When it comes to legal professionals, there are certain factors that distinguish them from one another. While they tend to fall into two main categories, criminal and civil, there are areas of law that are often overlooked.

Employment Law

This specialty includes things like unlawful termination, discrimination on the job, workplace safety violations, as well as protecting those who have blown the whistle on those who are in positions of power. It is also common for sexual harassment in the workplace to fall in this category.

Human Rights

Do you feel like you have been discriminated against due to things like gender, racial background and sexual orientation? Are you concerned because the company you are working for has hired illegal people and is treating them as if they were servants? Everyone has the right to be treated fairly and barristers of this specialty try their best to ensure that this occurs.

Family And Matrimonial Law

While this is an area where people believe that a common solicitor is the best option, there are some instances when a registered barrister could be of service. Divorce cases that involve custody disputes and situations where prenuptial agreements may need to be nullified may require the assistance of someone with a different skill set than usual.


This is another area where rare case law may come into play. Barristers tend to have the upper hand when it comes to mounting legal defence that is trickier than usual. If you have an immigration issue and you are worried about whether the solicitor you hired knows enough about this specialty to assist you properly, you should consider having them hire a barrister on your behalf.

Professional Negligence

Barristers in this particular field focus on professionals such as accountants, financial advisors and legal advocates who have failed to provide clients with services that fit the standards that are befitting to those in their positions. One huge part of this kind of law is medical malpractice.

There are many other legal specialties that barristers can assist with, but these are some of the most common. As was mentioned earlier, it is not always as simple as discerning between civil and criminal. Hopefully, you have gained a better understanding of barristers and the areas of law they have been trained to handle. One criminal defence barrister is Michael Wolkind QC, who discusses the importance of evidence in a Daily Telegraph article.

Getting Solicitors To Overturn Search Warrants Quickly

When you’re confronted with a search warrant, you can’t just agree to let the authorities take apart your home. Tell them you want to talk to your lawyer, and don’t let them in unless they have a warrant.

You need to know why it’s a good idea to hire a solicitor in the first place. Well, the fact of the matter is that there are not a lot of good people to get advice from when it comes to legal matters. Just talking to a friend or family member about what you should do is one of the worst ideas, even if they had a problem like this in the past. People love to be helpful, but without the right training at the right law school, there’s no way they can really understand how the law works in this situation. This is why you need expert search warrant solicitors, like the lawyers at Cobleys Solicitors Ltd.

The search warrant can be overturned if you act quickly. If they are trying to get one right now then you need to have your solicitor get to work. But, if they already have gotten into your home with a warrant or went through your vehicle, you may still have a chance to fight back against whatever they are charging you with. Sometimes people don’t really understand that the cops and other authorities are not allowed to do as they please. If they didn’t do everything by the book, then what they found in your belongings isn’t admissible in court.

Before you pay anyone anything to help you with legal matters, research their past work. You need to find out if they are capable of doing the work or if they are just trying to get you to pay them only for them to do a poor job. There are some solicitors that will make you pay only if you win the case and get compensation of some kind. If you had to miss work or had something else happen that cost you, then you can get money to cover that and to pay the legal professional that assisted you.

Paying solicitors to overturn search warrants is always smarter than handling the situation on your own. This situation can be frightening, but you can take care of it with ease as long as you are willing to really put some work into doing your research.

How To Get A Good Courtroom Criminal Lawyer

If you have criminal charges brought against you and you need representation in a courtroom, you will require to find a very good and qualified QC. This is to ensure that you get the best representation and possibly get the chance to plea for a shorter term served.

Here are some good tips for getting the best courtroom criminal defence QC.

Courtroom Skills.

It is important to get a QC who is qualified in courtroom defence skills. He or she should be able to counter any accusations and enable the court to see clear details in your defence. It is common to find barristers who are well versed with the law but perform poorly in the courtroom. Ensure you choose one that can represent you properly.


An experienced barrister is extremely important. Their experience is fundamental in ensuring that they are able to dig up all the details of the case and determine how best to represent you in the court. They will also be aware of all the tactics any prosecutor will use against you and how to counter them.


Always go for a barrister who is available to handle your case. They should allocate enough time to your case such that during any hearing they will be there and will also be fully prepared. Never go for a barrister who will only go through the case a few hours before court. There is a high likelihood that they will lose the case due to rushed preparedness.


This is a very useful trait. Your criminal defence QC should be able to tell you how the case is progressing without lying or eliminating details. They should also tell you in advance if they think your hearing will proceed smoothly as well as informing you if there are fewer chances that you will win. Giving clients false hope knowingly is morally wrong.

Good Reputation.

This matters very much when it comes to courtroom representation. Get a barrister who has represented clients like you before and has won most cases. This will mean that you can trust that they will do all they can for you as their client. Top criminal defence QCs can be found in directories for respected barrister chambers. One such man is Michael Wolkind QC, whose biography summary can be found on this page:

Reasonable Costs.

Do not spend more than you have just to get a barrister. You can always search for lower prices and get good representation. However, the really cheap prices could give you results that will be less than satisfactory.

Retaining The Services Of An Appeal Defence Qc

When you are up for appeal on a criminal case, you need a lawyer who can get the job done for you. This is a window that not a lot of people are granted, so there is no room for half stepping when it comes to getting the most out of your legal case. With this in mind, you should put your best foot forward in hiring a legal professional who can represent you with your appeal case. Take advantage of these points below in order to get all that you can out of your appeal defence QC.

Tip #1: Get A Consultation From A Defence Lawyer

If you want to hire a lawyer for your defence appeal, one of the first things you can do is touch base with a law firm that can give you a consultation. One of these law firms will provide you with a free consultation that will let you know what to expect from your case, how you should navigate the legal system and how they will play a role. Since these consultations are free, it is a no lose situation that can buy you a legal edge.

Tip #2: Ask For Their Rates In Writing

Once you sit down with a law firm for a consultation, you will need to get their rates in writing. Getting one of these estimates in writing will allow you to know how much you should be paying for legal service and will allow you to compare rates among other appeal defence lawyers if you so choose. Taking the time to get the rates in writing also allows you the opportunity to explore payment plans and other such opportunities that can lighten the overall financial burden involved.

Tip #3: Find Testimonials From Lawyers

Touch base with professionals who can assist you with any work that you need so that you can know you are hiring the best barrister for the job. You can find the best barristers for the job by getting in touch with others who have hired them. These testimonials will point you in the right direction of a group of attorneys that can assist you with the appeal process. This is a process that can be long and very involved, so take the time involved to make the best hire.

Follow these tips to find the best appeal attorney that you can hire.